ON VERBAL COMMUNICATION THAT DEVELOPS COUNTRY BORDER AREAS

  • Feliks Tans Nusa Cendana University
  • Agustinus Semiun Nusa Cendana University
  • Hilda M. Nalley3 Nusa Cendana University

Abstract

In this article we argue that constructing a positive verbal communication is important to both prevent
and overcome a domestic/political chaos within a nation, including its border areas. This is why we encouarge
those involved in a conversation obey Grice‟s (1975) cooperative principle classified into four categories,
namely, “quantity,” “quality,” “relation,” and “manner.” The maxims of quantity are saying “as much as is
required” and not making one‟s “contribution [in a conversation] more informative than is required;” the
maxims of quality, not saying “what you believe to be false” and “that for which you lack evidence; the maxims
of relation, being “relevant”; and, the maxims of manner, being “perspicuous,” that is, avaoiding “obscurity of
expression,” avoiding “ambiguity,” being “ brief “ and “orderly.” In this context, responsible adults like parents
and teachers as well as public leaders in general should, therefore, show young generations how to practice
those maxims in their lives and train them, formally and/or informally, how to positively react to negative verbal
communications in their daily lives. By doing this, hate speech like racist remarks can be both prevented and
overcome by all citizens of a nation, including those living at or across its border areas so that chaos, which is
always naturally destructive, can be avoided.
Key Words: Verbal communication, Development, Border Areas, Positive Reactions,
and Non-violance

Published
2020-11-30
Section
PART V: LINGUISTICS AND LANGUAGE TEACHING STUDIES DEVELOPMENT