FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE CONSUMPTION OF SOPI IN ADOLESCENTS AT LILIBA SUB-DISTRICT KUPANG CITY
Liquor is a product generated from a fermentation process using Khamir (yeast/ Saccharomyces
cerevisiae) attained from the ingredients containing starch. Liquor is categorized as an addictive substance since
it can create an addiction and dependency. Nationally, the drug abusers and liquor drinkers in Indonesia are
mostly from the student category namely junior high school, high school, or college students, with the number
reaching 70%, while the elementary students only 30% and mostly come from the middle to higher class status.
The number of alcoholic drinker adolescents is 4.9%. However, in 2014, based on the research conducted by
GeNAM the number steeped to 23% from the total number of adolescents which were 63 million individuals or
estimated to 14.4 million people. The prevalence of alcoholic drinkers in the East Nusa Tenggara Province
reached 17.6%. This number is much higher than the national prevalence which was 3.2%. While in Kupang
City, the alcoholic drinkers reached 12.2%. The number of criminal acts caused by the consumptions of Sopi in
2011 there were 287 cases, 291 cases in 2012, 212 cases in 2013, 205 cases in 2014, 191 cases in 2015, and
175 cases in 2016 (until August). The research problem was how the correlation between the factors of
knowledge, belief, and behavior on the consumption of Sopi in Adolescents at Liliba sub-district Kupang City.
The purpose of this research was analyzing the factors associated with the consumption of Sopi in Adolescents
at Liliba sub-district Kupang City. This research employed a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional
method. The sampling was taken by using a purposive sampling technique and the number of samples was 48
respondents (adolescents). The results of the research showed that there is a correlation between the
consumption of Sopi and the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors: p<0.05;p=0.049 (Knowledge),
p<0.05;p=0.004 (educational level), p<0.05;p=0.004 (tradition), p<0.05;p=0.000 (belief), p>0.05;p=0.788
(behavior), p>0.05; p=0.499 (gender), p<0.05;p=0.016 (distance), p<0.05;p=0.000 (marketing), p<0.05;p=0.000
(parental support), p<0.05;p=0.000 (environmental support), p<0.05;p=0.052 (social interaction),
p<0.05;p=0.000 (parental control). The conclusion of regression equation modeling: belief contributes to a
positive correlation on the consumption of Sopi in adolescents, that each decrease of 1 unit of belief would also
decrease the consumption of Sopi in Adolescents at Liliba sub-district in Kupang City as much as 1.997. The
probability results of belief correlated with the consumption of Sopi as much as 98% in Adolescents at Liliba
sub-district in Kupang City.
Keywords: predisposing factor, enabling factor, reinforcing factor, adolescent, consumption of Sopi
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